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Christian Mission and Conversion : A Historical Sociological and Anthropological Study of the Depressed Castes of India, 1850-1950
Authorship Description
Santha Kumari Varikoti-Jetty.
Bibliographical Details xxvi, 389 p. 25 cm.
Edition, Place & Publisher 1st ed. New Delhi, Christian World Imprints.
ISBN-10 9351483878
ISBN-13 9789351483878, 978-9351483878
Year of Publication 2019.
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Christian missionary-mediated empowerment and attainment of greater social consciousness among the subaltern communities was a phenomenal factor of social transformation in India since the middle of the 19th century. This book is a reconstruction of the conversion movement and social change among two depressed castes-the Malas and the Madigas-in coastal Andhra, greatly owed to the evangelisation work of the Western Christian missionaries during the period from 1850 to 1950.

The book discusses in detail, the response of the Malas and Madigas to Christian evangelisation through conversion and their subsequent social transformation in many aspects of life. The missionaries engaged in social, religious, educational, occupational and economic upliftment programs for the people of coastal Andhra, principally among these two communities. This study examines in detail, the factors and causes of conversion of the Malas and the Madigas and their post-conversion socio-cultural, religious, occupational, educational and economic upward mobility.

The book skillfully weaves the lofty precepts and liberative values of the Christian religion as translated in the work of the missionaries. More importantly, the book highlights how the missionaries facilitated the processes of liberation from the multiple bondages-social, religious, cultural, economic and so on, which these communities had been suffering for centuries. Also, the book brings forth how the convert communities themselves took initiatives to reconstruct a different self-image based on
Christian values and dignity of the human person on one hand, and to assert a social space at par with any other community in the wider ambient society, on the other.

Delving deep into numerous historical sources, the book unearths the processes of construction of a new social consciousness among the two castes, besides the dynamics of social transformation as a consequence of it.


Preface and Anknowledgments
List of Maps/Charts, Figures & Tables

1. Introduction
2. Understanding the Malas and the Madigas: Social, Economic, Religious and Political Conditions in mid-19th Century
3. Christian Missions in Coastal Andhra: Organization, Evangelization and
4. Conversions among the Malas and Madigas: Spread, Factors, Agency and Dynamics
5. Christian Education and Health Care Services in Coastal Andhra
6. Mediating Socio-economic and Socio-religious Structural Changes: Christian Mission, Malas and Madigas
7. Conclusion and Epilogue

Appendix A
Appendix B

Dr. Santha Kumari Varikoti-Jetty is from Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India and completed her schooling from the Bishop Azariah High school for Girls, Vijayawada and took her undergrad degree from the Maris Stella College, Vijayawada. The author did her M. A and M. Phil in History from the University of Hyderabad, India and Ph.D from the Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi, India. The present book is based on her doctoral dissertation. Dr. Varikoti-Jetty has a passion for World Christianity Studies and Interdisciplinary Social Sciences themes. She has written articles on the History of Christianity in India and has presented papersin a number of International conferences. Currently, the author is taking an active role in publishing and writing on World Christianity themes. The author can be reached at her email address: or cell +1 404-545-4781 with any suggestions, comments, and questions.

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